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Software Engineering Question List | Solve

What is Requirement Engineering?

Requirement Engineering :

Requirement Engineering (RE) is the science and discipline concerned with analyzing and documenting requirements.

requirement.
(1) A condition or capability needed by a user to solve a problem or achieve an objective.

(2) A condition or capability that must be met or possessed by a system or system component to satisfy a contract, standard, specification, or other formally imposed documents.

(3) A documented representation of a condition or capability as in (1) or (2).


Describe the requirement characteristics

Requirement Characteristics

i. Type: the source and contractual
applicability

ii. Application: the object of a requirement

iii. Compliance Level: the depth of
compliance mandated for a requirement

iv. Priority: relative importance of a
requirement
 


What are the types of Software Requirement type?

Requirement Type :

 Primary requirements: 

Sources:

     Contract or pre-contract document

    established by management or marketing



Derived requirements:
 

     Derived form a primary requirement
     
    Derived from a

 


Write the requirement engineering applications

Requirement Application :

Product parameter: applies to a product or service to be
developed

Qualitative – not directly measurable

 children (derived requirements) refine which provide quantifiable
criteria should be met

Quantitative – measurable

children (derived requirements) can be generated for the purpose of
specifying particular approaches to meet this measurable requirement


Program Parameter: activities associated with enabling the
creation of the product/service

Task: effort to be performed

 Compliance Evaluation: methodology for measuring compliance

Regulatory: administrative elements


what are the types of software requirement compliance level

Requirement Compliance Level :

 Mandatory: must be implemented

 Guidance: desirable that it be
implemented

Information: non-binding statements
which significantly influence the context,
meaning, and understanding of other
requirements
 


What is software requirement priority? Write a good set requirement

Requirement Priority :


    Characterize the relative importance of a
    requirement
     Basis for trade studies
     Unlike the other characteristics the priority
    depends on company needs.



A Good Set of Requirements is …

    Correct
     Unambiguous
     Complete
     Consistent
     Ranked for importance and/or stability
     Verifiable

 


Write down the System vs. Software

System vs. Software :

 System Requirement Engineering  is the science
and discipline concerned with analyzing and
documenting system requirements.
origin: user needs

Software Requirement Engineering  is the
science and discipline concerned with analyzing
and documenting software requirements.
origin: system requirements and/or specification
 
BUT: For software-intensive systems software
people should be involved in the elicitation of the
system requirements!
 


Requirement Engineering Elements

Requirement Engineering Elements :


(1) Requirement Elicitation

(2) Requirement Analysis

(3) Requirement Specification

(4) Requirement Validation

(5) Requirement Management
 


what are the software requirement elicitation?

Requirement Elicitation :

	
 Requirement Elicitation: the process through which the
customer and developer discover, review, articulate, and
understand the users’ needs and constraints on the
software and development activities
Requirements elicitation is about discovering what
requirements a system should be based upon

This doesn’t involve just asking stakeholders what they
Want. It requires a careful analysis of:

     The organization
     The application domain
     Organization processes where the system will be used


 To determine what the stakeholders Need.
	 


What are the software requirement analysis?

Requirement Analysis :

Requirement Analysis: the process of analyzing
the customers’ and users’ needs to arrive at a
definition of the requirements

requirements analysis.

(1) The process of studying user needs to arrive at
a definition of system, hardware, or software
requirements.
(2) The process of studying and refining system,
hardware, or software requirements.
	 


Analysis & Negotiation :

Analysis & Negotiation :

 The analysis has to establish an agreed set of requirements
which are complete, consistent, and unambiguous. Such
a set can be used as the basis for systems development.

 Negotiation:

Stakeholders often disagree over requirements.
Therefore they need to negotiate to try to reach agreement. 
	 


what are the software requirement for complex systems?

Requirements for Complex Systems :

A system of any but the smallest size will
be decomposed into a hierarchy of
elements (partitioning):

 This is reflected at the requirement level by:
 
(1) Allocation: assigning requirements to
elements
 
(2) Flowdown: requirements which respond to the
allocated highel level requirements
 
(3) Traceability: keep track of the dependencies
	 


Write down the requirements vs Design

Requirements vs. Design :

Distinction:

 Design solution: HOW to achieve something

 Requirements: WHAT to achieve

Two cases where a requirements and desigin solutions are mixed up:

 The customer mandates a design solution as a requirement

     Design solution (HOW): “provide a database for X”
    Requirements (WHAT): “capabilities for navigation and sort for X”


 Otherwise:

     Restrict design space.
    Risk to miss requirements: ask WHY!


Risk to miss requirements: ask WHY!

A derived requirement which is actually a design solution and no
requirement
 

     See allocation and flowdown
     Often alternation of requirements analysis and design
     One person’s design is the next person’s requirements

	 


Show the advantages of Modular Programming

Advantages of Modular Programming :


    It is easier and less costly to change features, add features or correct errors after deployment.
    It is easier to write and debug the program.
    It is easier to manage since more difficult modules can be skilled programmers and easy modules to junior programmers.
    One can divide a large, complex problem into each of manageable complexity.
    The modular concept fits in well with top-down design.
    Formal modular interface definition may be a especially helpful in "organization" a bottom-up, or a two-stage design, first bottom-up, and then top-down.
 
	


Show the Disadvantages of Modular Programming

Disadvantages of Modular Programming :

    Because there are few formal design techniques, it is difficult to learn, although the principles are clear.
    Modular programming requires more design effort and care.
    Many programmers are reluctant to try new modules can be given to more things, including modular design.
    Modular programming may require slightly a number of modules more memory space and run time.
    To avoid slow processing, in some operating systems one may have to ensure that modules that call each other frequently are in the same machine page.
	 


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